The cultural sector brings long-termsocial and economic benefits, a sit is a relevant contributor to economic growth and jobcreation, especially to local communities. However, decades of neglect has left many historical value and cultural sites in need of restoration and modernisation. Among 14 beneficiary countries, the EEA Financial Mechanism supports conservation of cultural heritage programmes in Hungary and places a considerable emphasison revitalising cultural and natural heritage and improving their public accessibility. The EEA Financial Mechanism is jointly setup by Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway. The three countries contribute to the financial mechanism according to their size and economic wealth. Of the €993.5 million set a side for the 2009 -14 period, Norway represents around 94%, Iceland close to 5% and Liechtenstein just over 1%. The contribution of EEA Financial Mechanism for Hungary is 70.10 million EUR. The principal objective of the programme area is to address the challenge of preserving built cultural heritage in a sustainable manner and at the same time tackling escalating regional and social qualities in access to cultural assets with in Hungary. In order to contribute to this goal the programme for and to support development saiming at the preservation and sustainable use of built cultural heritage in urban neighbourhoods whilst promoting social inclusion via enhancing access to cultural and community services.
The project with the title of Treasury of heritage and registration number of HU07-0019-A1-2013 has been funded in the EEA Financial Mechanism 2009-2014,in the frame of Conservation and revitalisation of cultural heritage and natural heritage programme – Town built heritage programme area (A1).
Project promoter:Türr István Museum
Local Government of Roma Minorities of Baja
Local Government of Croatian Minorities of Baja
Local Government of German Minorities of Baja
Local Government of Serbian Minorities of Baja
Project total budget: 144 439 436 HUF
Fund: 137 217 500 HUF
Implementation: 01.05. 2016. – 15.04. 2017.
During the implementation of the projectIstvánTürr Museum of Baja town renovates and reconstructs the first level of its building at DeákFerenc street No. 1., which is under the protection of National Historic Monuments and is located in the very centre of the multi-national and multi-cultural settlement. The building is also the harmonious element of the town’s main square; therefore its conservation serves to maintain the architectural integrity of the historic city centre. The main purpose of the project is to ensure the preservation and sustainable use of this built cultural heritage, also to promote social inclusion via enhancing access to new cultural and community services and to the cultural heritage kept in the museum functioning also as a regional cultural institute for minorities.
The results involve that the exhibition area increases from 30% to 65%. During the implementation the store rooms are converted into museum workshops and spectacular open exhibition stores on local history, arts, ethnography and textiles. Equipment and tools serving the aim are purchased. Three info points with access to digitalized heritage are installed and 50 more artefacts are restored. The total surface of the project area is 542 m2.
The Project Promoter cooperating with several minority local partners (Roma, Croatian, German and Serbian) works out 9 different, regular museum programmes, teaching material and launches regular events for the target groups of 3-23 ages.
Our project titled “Treasury of cultural heritage’ exhibit close to 60% of the 79-year-old public collection kept in the museum, instead of the current 20%. The cultural heritage of Treasury Bacska will become real public domain.
The BIG PACKING
The preparatory works prior to the development and renewal of the visual storage took place from May to August. When all the employees of the museum were not enough, volunteer workers were mobilized to help.
The first task was to assess how to move the artefacts, where we can place them safely inside the museum building, not to hinder the renovation and professionalwork.External storage is only applied to office furniture.
In the first phase of the packaging was to assess needs and formulate the temporary shelving.
This was an important element of our work, as it should strive not to exposeany damage to works of art during handling and temporary storage. Cardboard or plastic blisters and crates were used to the fragile objects. The existing "age-old" types of wood and Salgo shelves were used to set up the temporary shelving system and also the great experience of our colleague of art protection
It was important that the shelves are capable of withstanding the objects and do not collapse under the weight. The objects of different size were also a challenge, given the size of the shelves they had to adjust to them. This required careful pre- planning.
Then the continuous BIG PACKING and MOVING could start.
The art collection was housed in the permanent and temporary exhibition space. The larger, more fragile paintings and drawings packed were transferred to a temporary place. Transporting the statuesrequired a lot of attention for their vulnerability and the large weight.
During packing we selected those pieces in the collection whose frames were damaged, respectively glass was broken. Their repair, replacement is underway.
The packaging and moving the ethnographic collection was a complex task, since in this collection both fine, tiny crafts objects can be found and also the mill wheel - that requires more people to move - as well as the textile collection. In parallel with the packaging of the objects, we were working hard in the permanent exhibition area to make free some more space for the new objects. Also in Julywe dismantled the former temporaryethnographic exhibition onfisheries to free some more space.
We have placed the cultivation -related objects in the attic, these objects did not require packaging, just covered them with plastic foil after placement.
Each piece of the ceramic collection is blister packed and stored in plastic crates. This is a very fragile and complex collection. However, we have managed to store the objects with great attention, without damages. The majority of "small crafts works" wasdeposited in a special collection box, it does not require special packaging, and we transferred the whole set to a temporary place as well.
The wooden storage cabinets for textile collection had been disassembled and re-built in the temporary storage halls. The condition of textiles was examined during the move, fresh mothballs agents were placed among them. We have also moved the furniture collection to another storage.
From June we have started the systematic selection, packaging and boxing of the photo collection. Keeping in mind that the photos are highly sensitive to light and heat, we had to pack them up and placed them in temporary storage. The museum has a significant collection of glass negatives, which are located in metal drawer cabinets. Their move is very difficult, because they are fragile and heavy.
In addition to the relocation of the collection and packaging work we had to investigate the walls of the building in order to offer relevant information on the protected built heritage to promote the completition of the architectural construction plans. We examined the wall sections affected by destructive methods, and focused on the observation of genuine wall plaster and paint layers. We constructed a stand to the walls in every room, to survey the ceiling and the upper third of the walls.
We opened smaller research windows and wider zones to analyse the wall sections. We professionally documented the different phases of the work with regular photography and marked the discoveries on the design drawings.Previous architectural conversions could be detected. Marks of earlier paintings and colouring could be observed and were taken photos in the internal space to be reconstructed in the project.